Doctorate’s major part consists of thesis writing. And a thesis is proof of three-five years of full-time research work for a PhD. It is a step towards making fundamental contributions in an academic field. Hence writing a high-quality PhD thesis demands an author to get a few necessary points. Among them, the logical relation of current findings is of the utmost importance. Within the same context, this article brings guidelines for logical relation of current findings in the following ways.
Once a PhD scholar has finished the data collection process, the next step must is that of data analysis. The domain of data analysis techniques depends on the availability of raw data. The two most frequent forms of raw data are qualitative, and quantitative. Hence, two types of analysis techniques for them include non-statistical analysis, and statistical analysis respectively.
In reality, while getting admission in PhD, the scholars have to submit a synopsis, or proposal. Throughout the research, the proposal will navigate the research path. It contains the answers to many questions such as;
- What kind of data will a researcher collect?
- What will be the procedure for collecting the data?
- Which data analysis technique will the researcher use?
- What will be the ethical consideration for that particular research?
Once you have submitted your proposal, in the remaining part, you have to follow it for completing the research. In research work, once a researcher is done collecting, analyzing data, the next step will be following a logical relation of the current findings in chapter 4.
Guidelines for Logical Relation of Current Findings in a PhD Thesis
In logical relation of current findings’ guidelines, the first thing to notice is the right time for drafting the findings. The right time to write a findings chapter depends on the disciplines. In some disciplines general thesis format suggests that scholars should create separate sections for discussion, and findings. At the same time, other disciplines allow students to merge both of these together. So this aspect depends on the format you’re following. Some other step-by-step guidelines within this context are as follows;
After this, the first step is related to finding a story within your data. No matter what type of thesis you are writing, the collected data always tells a story about it. The researchers’ task is to identify that story.
In general, as a result of random data collection, the data obtained is in scattered form. Hence, the Logical Relation of Current Findings’ guidelines demands researchers to build a connection between. For PhD thesis writing, the results and finding section is the place where you have to present possible connections between data in the form of a story.
In Logical Relation of Current Findings guidelines, the second step is to know the type of findings’ stories. The types of stories will make a macrostructure of your thesis.
The hypothesis story
Hypothesis story is common in the domain of empirical sciences. It can follow two approaches, the inductive, and deductive approach. These approaches differ regarding the time of formation of the hypothesis. In such situations, to report the findings you can consider the following three points;
- Hypotheses formulation
- Hypotheses testing
- & finally, Hypotheses implications
The analytic story
Analytic story is common in the domain of social sciences. Here, the researchers can follow these three points for making a logical relation of the current findings;
- Key points’ identification for a study.
- How can your findings describe the latter concepts?
- What your work is all about? Does literature support, or oppose it?
The mystery story
The mystery approach is a little less common approach in sciences. It begins with empirical examples. Here, the next step will be to develop questions by considering the examples. After that, the last task is to give an interpretation that can lead towards the implications of the general results.
The other thing that often confuses PhD scholars is ‘finding their focus’. So the third step deals with this issue. Reporting findings become difficult when you feel uneasy to decide what will be your most focused point. But for this, you can follow a tip. Here, you need to ensure three points while reporting the findings;
- Whether your points are conceptually grounded?
- The points to be reported must have a strong theoretical background.
- Is other relevant community researcher’s work validating your findings?
The researcher should fit these points in the framework of current research. This is the most effective way to make a coherent story for your findings.
The fourth step in logical relation of current findings is to describe what you’ve learnt from the data. The purpose of this point is to clarify the reader’s views about your findings. Without the researcher’s good interpretations, it becomes difficult for readers to develop an understanding of the research. For this, the best approach is sticking to the big picture. This is described as follows;
The Big Picture:
While writing a PhD thesis, another difficulty that often comes across the researchers is holding details of the data in focus. That is why the reporting of results only in thesis is not necessary. For this the writer must build connections between the patterns. This step will minimise the gaps between your analyses, and research questions if there are any. For holding the big picture, the relation of your findings with previous theories is also important. Step 4 will create a logical relation of current findings in the PhD thesis.
The final, or last step in finding chapters is to write them. The points mentioned above emphasise the quality, tricks, and tips for reporting current findings. But in this step, the researcher should follow good thesis writing tips. Here, the researcher should remain conscious of the common mistakes. Common mistakes in finding sections include the following;
For your findings, you can use past tenses. But for future implications, you can use the future tense to work through generalisation aspects.
Tones to address the facts:
For highlighting current findings, the language you can use may contain the following phrases, the facts explicit that, the high statistical difference explains, and many more.
A good storytelling writing style will help in steps 2, 3, and 4.
Making the document typos-free is a necessary step to ensure for all sorts of academic writings.
Natural order mistakes:
It will help you in achieving aims of logical relation regarding the current findings.
Biased interpretation decreases the reliability, and validity of your PhD thesis.